Roadside NO2 Projection Factors

The table below provides the year adjustment factors for roadside NO2 concentrations, with different factors for London (Central, Inner and Outer) and the rest of the UK. The factors have been calculated as the average of modelled concentrations across approximately 1,900 road links in London, and 7,000 links elsewhere, taking into account the changes in traffic activity, and emission factors for NOx and primary NO2 (f-NO2).

See para 7.70 of Technical Guidance LAQM.TG(16) for more information.

Projecting Annual Mean Roadside NO2 Concentrations to Future Years
Year Adjustment Factor to be Applied Worked Example
Central London  Inner London Outer London Rest of UK (HDV =<10%) Rest of UK (HDV >10%)

The measured NO2 concentration at a roadside site in Outer London in 2016 is 44.5µg/m3. The projected concentration for 2019 would be: 44.5 x (0.856/0.969) = 39.3µg/m3

Roadside locations are typically within 1 to 5 metres of the kerbside, but may extend up to 15 metres depending upon the road configuration and traffic flow.

2015 1.000 1.000 1.000 1.000 1.000
2016 0.932 0.949 0.969 0.974 0.961
2017 0.864 0.898 0.937 0.947 0.921
2018 0.788 0.838 0.893 0.908 0.873
2019 0.707 0.781 0.856 0.870 0.828
2020 0.612 0.707 0.807 0.827 0.781
2021 0.582 0.665 0.759 0.781 0.733
2022 0.554 0.626 0.712 0.737 0.689
2023 0.529 0.593 0.669 0.701 0.653
2024 0.507 0.564 0.630 0.666 0.620
2025 0.488 0.539 0.595 0.634 0.591
2026 0.474 0.516 0.566 0.606 0.566
2027 0.460 0.494 0.538 0.580 0.544
2028 0.446 0.470 0.509 0.557 0.525
2029 0.434 0.453 0.489 0.537 0.510
2030 0.424 0.437 0.472 0.521 0.497

HDVs include HGVs and Buses.

HDV emission projections for NO2 are expected to decline at a different rate to other vehicle types, i.e. cars and vans.

The column "Rest of UK (HDV >10%)" is appropriate for roads outside London where HDVs contribute greater than 10% of the total traffic flow. It is expected that the majority of roads that fall into this category will be motorways or trunk roads.

For roads outside of London that have less than 10% HDVs (including any motorways or trunk roads with less than 10% HDVs), it is recommended that the “Rest of UK (HDV =<10%)” factors are used, which represent the anticipated changes in ambient NO2 concentrations along these roads, where cars and vans have a greater influence on future emission projections.

For roads outside of London where traffic fleet break down information is not known and it is not possible to undertake a bespoke traffic survey within the required timescales, it is recommended that a precautionary approach be taken whereby the “Rest of UK (HDV =<10%)” projection factors are used.

This table is expected to be updated from time to time, so has been removed from LAQM.TG(16) to enable these amends to take place.

For further support, please contact the LAQM Helpdesk.